15. REINHARD HEYDRICH
A high-ranking Nazi official and SS chief, Reinhard Heydrich was one of the primary instigators of the Holocaust during World War II. This obviously made him a high-value target for opposition forces and rebels who resisted Nazi rule, putting him at serious risk of assassination. Exactly this came to pass in 1942 during a British-led attack called Operation Anthropoid.
This involved the training of two Czech soldiers. The pair dropped into enemy held territory and set up a machine gun at a part of the road that Heydrich often drove past. When the Nazi official did come by, the gun jammed. Heydrich then confronted the attacks rather than attempting to flee, giving the two soldiers a chance to throw a bomb at him that seriously injured the target, though, not enough to stop him from chasing down one of the attackers who fled on a bicycle. Although the assassination wasn’t immediately successful, Heydrich later died from his wounds several days later.